Whites who attend multiracial congregations or engage in devotional religious practices are more likely to support interracial marriages. To get at this, we asked participants questions about how many interracial couples they knew and how much time they spent with them. The numbers are the relative rates at which interracial couples get divorced i. Mixing and matching: Assessing the concomitants of mixed ethnic relationships. According to polling data , only a small percentage of people in the U.
What does each race think?
The body of Christ has played an unfortunate role in stigmatizing interracial marriage in the United States. Interracial unions were common in the early days of American settlement when European men intermarried with Native American women and with freed people of African descent. But as America developed a slavery-based economy, many pastors began to preach that slavery was ordained and blessed by God. Interracial marriages between whites and Native Americans or blacks were eventually banned, slave marriages were not recognized, and Native American marriages were typically viewed as barbaric rituals. Many Christian slave owners justified adultery and exploitation of black and multiracial women by referencing Abraham and Hagar. Race-based slavery corrupted white churches, dividing them into pro-slavery groups e. In the s a pastor from New York named Josiah Priest taught congregations that the very thought of interracial sex was disgusting and sinful.
Interracial marriage in the United States has been legal in all U. Virginia that deemed "anti-miscegenation" laws unconstitutional. The proportion of interracial marriages as a proportion of all marriages has been increasing since, such that The proportion of interracial marriages is markedly different depending on the ethnicity and gender of the spouses. The differing ages of individuals, culminating in the generation divides, have traditionally played a large role in how mixed ethnic couples are perceived in American society.
According to the most recent U. More interracial relationships are also appearing in the media — on television , in film and in advertising. These trends suggest that great strides have been made in the roughly 50 years since the Supreme Court struck down anti-miscegenation laws. But as a psychologist who studies racial attitudes , I suspected that attitudes toward interracial couples may not be as positive as they seem. My previous work had provided some evidence of bias against interracial couples. But I wanted to know how widespread that bias really is.